For as long as I can remember athletics have always been a huge part of my live. Growing up in Texas with a father who coached high school football, I learned very early the importance of a strong work ethic. Over the years, I had a front row seat to the highs and lows of competition, but what I remember the most was learning to appreciate and respect the time and commitment required for athletic achievement.
In today’s society, kids are encouraged to start competitive sports at a young age. Professional sports are glamorized, inspiring young athletes to be the best on their team in order to receive attention and fame. The pressure to be the best can often lead to unrealistic expectations, overtraining, injuries, and— burnout. Athlete burnout is defined as “physical and emotional exhaustion, sport devaluation, and reduced athletic accomplishment.” Each case of athletic burnout is different and can be triggered by:
- Unrealistic expectations
- Increased demands resulting in low gratification
- Entrapment due to circumstances out of the athlete’s control
- Inadequate mental and physical recovery
An athlete’s motivation may be intrinsic, induced by peers/parents, or derived from other extrinsic rewards. I believe it’s important to recognize the source. Competition as we know it revolves around bragging rights and material accolades, but the biggest piece of advice I can give parents of children starting organized sports is to facilitate the love of the game. A true internal desire will promote steady growth leading to greater satisfaction and sense of achievement in the long run.
Instead of focusing on the number of points scored or how well your child played compared to others, focus on what they enjoyed and encourage them to keep trying their best. Children who are feeling the pressure or feel consumed by sports early on may develop resentment and drop out before they even hit their full potential.
- Being a little league MVP is trivial in terms of long-term athletic success.
- Lay down a foundation of support and be patient. Don’t rush it.
- Instill values of strong work ethic, coachability, discipline, and good sportsmanship.
- Introduce your children to variety of sports and other extra-curricular activities and let them decide what they enjoy and where they want to spend their time.
KNOW THE SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF BURNOUT SYNDROME
I did not start playing competitive sports until the age of 15 when I decided to try out for a local club volleyball team. I was more mature, focused, and prepared to commit my time to playing. This was also the time where my love of the game started to grow. After the regular high school season, I continued to play elite volleyball through the winter – spring – and summer months. I spent several nights a week practicing, as well as, numerous weekends competing in national-qualifying tournaments. In addition to volleyball, I was a high jumper during the track season. I qualified to compete in multiple state championships, earning two silver medals, and a gold in 2007.
I got into a great routine of juggling the demands of sports for a long period of time but towards the peak of my high school career, I started showing signs of perfectionism and low self-esteem despite my achievements. On paper, I was successful. I was ranked the 4th best senior volleyball player in the entire country. I had boxes of recruiting letters arrive at my doorstep each week, but deep down something was missing. I was getting tired and I was starting to feel the pressure. I didn’t recognize it then but I was starting to show the early signs of burnout.
According to the National Athletic Trainers’ Association (NATA), “Burnout is a response to chronic stress of continued demands in a sport or activity without the opportunity for physical and mental rest and recovery. Burnout is a syndrome of continual training and sport attention stress, resulting in staleness, overtraining and eventually burnout.” Are you showing the signs of burnout syndrome? Check out the NATA’s list of physical and mental signs below.
|Physical Signs||Mental Signs|
|· Diminished performance or conditioning
· Loss of strength and stamina leading to chronic fatigue or illness
· Higher resting heart rate and blood pressure
· Changes in energy levels, sleeping, and appetite
|· Difficulty concentrating, forgetfulness
· Disinterest, moodiness, irritability
· Low self-esteem, increased anxiety, and depression
· Feeling withdrawn or disconnected from others
· Feeling sad, empty, hopeless, or worthless
LEARNING TO TAKE PROPER CARE OF MY BODY
In the summer of 2008 I became a Nebraska Cornhusker. I entered a new level of competition and became exposed to a new paradigm of training. Very quickly I learned that with hard work comes recovery. I was introduced to a nutritionist, met one-on-one with a strength coach, and became very familiar with the training room ice bath. We met with physical therapists who evaluated our stature and biomechanics, in addition to athletic trainers who helped perfect our jumping, squatting, and running form. Proper hydration, sleep, and the supplementation of vitamins was mandatory. Instead of abusing my body, I started respecting it.
For the first time in my life I saw a difference between a competition period and a training period. At Nebraska, the goal was to be the best during the peak of competition season. To avoid overtraining, the frequency/intensity of practices and strength/conditioning sessions changed throughout the year using the concept of “periodization”. This continuum of training varies the levels of training intensity throughout four different phases of the athletic year.
- Off-Season/Preparation Period: High volume strength and conditioning/minimal sport specific training
- Pre-Season/First Transition Period: Increase quality sport specific training/decrease quantity
- In-Season/Competition Period: High intensity/high technique. No more than 20 hours of training a week
- Post-Season/Active Rest Period: Decrease in all aspects of training/maintenance
During the competition season, my teammates and I took time to attend rehab between classes for aches and pains and participated in rehab exercises before practice, as a way to prevent injuries and athletic burnout. During my time at Nebraska, I was very lucky to have an arsenal of professionals help me through every aspect of collegiate sports. After a year I noticed changes in my physical and mental well-being:
- Gain in muscle mass leading to quicker agility speeds and vertical touch
- Improved energy levels and less fatigue during practices
- Awareness of sports specific body mechanics helping me avoid injuries
- Clearer mind and improved confidence
- Better time management with school and sports
Since entering the “Club of Retired Athletes”, I still uphold the values of proper training and strive to share my knowledge with others as a physical therapist assistant so that others may also avoid athletic burnout.
Stay tuned for my next blog post where I break down my top 10 tips YOU can implement to avoid burnout and enjoy your sport!